Mooncamp challenge
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Explorers gallery 2021 – Moon Camp Challenge
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Explorers gallery 2021

Moon Camp Explorers Gallery 2020-2021

In Moon Camp Explorers each team’s mission is to 3D design a complete Moon Camp using Tinkercad. They also have to explain how they will use local resources, protect astronauts from the dangerous of space and describe the living and working facilities.

Team: JAMN Explorers  Bangalore    India 13, 12
External link for 3d
Project description

JAMN Explorers’ moon camp is designed for 6 astronauts to stay, work and enjoy the richness of moon. It consists of:

Satellite: It helps to detect water ice in the moon. The high resolution camera maps the moon surface to detect the landing hazards such as rough terrain and rocks etc. and also helps to monitor the crew. The radiometer gives information about the surface and sub-surface temperatures.
Water-ice factory: The water-ice factory converts the water ice on moon into water for the crew. The ice is melted and water is purified in this factory. The factory is 3-D printed on the moon with basalt rock.
Trash compressor: The trash such as factory waste, bio waste from aeroponics, waste of the crew etc. is kept in the truck and it is dumped in the trash compressor room where it is compressed and used as organic manure.
Laboratory: is used for experiments on the surface of moon.
Toilet: has a pipe that is connected to the waste water plant to purify the water. The door is automated to lock on its own when a person is inside.
Lava Tube: Here the astronauts live safely under the surface of the moon
2 rovers: 1 is a carrier rover and the other a digging rover
Waste Water Plant: used to convert wastewater to a drinkable one

There is an entertainment room which has 2 game arcades. Plus there is a lander for take-off and landing.

Where do you want to build your Moon Camp?
Lunar lava tubes
Why did you choose this location?

The Lunar lava tubes lies on the boundaries between lunar mares and highland region. This would give access to highlands suitable for communication.  Basaltic lands can be used as landing sites as they are flat and are rich in minerals and metals which can be used for setting up the camp. We would look for a lava tube with a diameter of 300 meters to set up our astronaut quarters. Also the temperature here is -20°C and care is taken to provide thermal protection to the astronauts. The lava tubes protect the crew from cosmic radiation, solar radiation and meteorites.

How do you plan to build your Moon Camp? Which materials would you use?

Moon camp will be built using 3-D printer and with least involvement of the crew. First, all the materials would be gathered for building the camp. The domes are built with basalt as it can be used for radiation shielding. Iron which has a high tensile strength would be used to build the nuclear power plant and water ice factory. Moreover, it is easy to find iron and basalt on moon. It would take up to 3-4 days to build the camp. Most of the scientific instruments and laptops would be brought from earth to carry research.

Explain how your Moon Camp will provide the astronauts with:

Water will be provided to humans and aeroponics by the water ice factory. The water ice will be obtained from nearby craters by our rovers. The water will be purified and melted for the crew to carry experiments, for daily purposes, for aeroponics etc. The waste water management will also contribute towards the water for the crew. The toilets will be connected to the waste water management system to purify the dirty water. The dirty and unclean water will go through a series of purification process to produce fresh water for the crew.

Food will be mostly salads for the crew made with the fresh grown vegetables and fruits on moon by the method of aeroponics. The crew survives on dry food while the plants are growing. Aeroponics needs very little water and no soil for growing plants. It also uses less energy and maintenance compared to traditional farming. Fewer materials are used to build aeroponics. Leafy vegetables, microgreens and fruits can be grown with aeroponics.

Power for the astronaut quarters will be supplied by the nuclear power plant. The Nuclear power plant has a nuclear reactor which is the heat source. Heat is used to generate steam that drives a steam turbine connected to a generator that produces electricity. The electricity is stored in a battery for later use. The fuel tank in the lander is used in case of emergency i.e. if the nuclear power plant stops working.

Air is produced for the crew through aeroponics. The oxygen is absorbed by oxygen tanks and is placed in the astronaut quarters and astronaut suit. The oxygen tanks are placed in the sleeping quarters in each and every pod. And some amount of oxygen from water is separated to use as oxidizer for launcher as well as for the crews in the astronaut quarters in case of any emergency.

Describe a day on the Moon for one of your Moon Camp astronauts

The astronauts get up at 6:00 am to start their day (They’ll follow universal time.) They’ll finish their hygiene routines roughly by 6:30. After that, they must exercise for about one and a half hours. They will then finish their breakfast in a few minutes. They’ll then conduct and develop experiments and work on topics such as studying the moon geology to understand its formation better, study loss of muscle mass and bone density in microgravity, and so on. They’ll continue working until 5:45 pm. The amount of time taken might vary according to the assigned task.

The astronauts will be supplied with healthy food consisting of required nutrients and minerals. From 6:00 to 6:45 pm, they’ll check the base for any problems and do the necessary repairs. They’ll then exercise for half an hour before preparing dinner. After dinner, the crew will proceed with their evening hygiene routine. They will be ready for bed by 9:45 pm. Sundays will be clean-up days as it is most crucial that the base is clean. Fridays will be “fun days” where astronauts will be able to engage in their preferred interests.

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