2.1 Where do you want to build your Moon Camp?
The location of the Moon Camp would be the Clavius Crater. This crater is located at the South Pole of the Moon and water is present in it, in the form of ice. Astronauts would not only be able to take advantage of this water for personal or agricultural use, for example, but this location also offers great exposure to sunlight, which guarantees the energy supply of the Moon Base.
The Clavius Crater becomes the ideal place for all the reasons mentioned above, and, also, for ensuring that the temperature doesn’t suffer huge oscillations.
2.2 How do you plan to build your Moon Camp? Describe the techniques, materials and your design choices.
In order to build the moon camp, the first step would be to send autonomous rovers and boring machines to the Moon, since the largest part of the camp would be located underground. The boring machines would be responsible for excavating the lunar soil, while the rovers would build and assemble the different base modules on location, using 3D printers for interior components, such as pipes, and producing lunar concrete for all the exterior walls, including those of the underground divisions. Lunar concrete is made using lunar regolith and urea from human urine, which acts as a plasticizer, reducing the amount of water needed for construction on the Moon. Its strength enables it to be used in the foundation of structures. Besides, it offers additional protection to the astronauts from the harsh lunar conditions, such as extreme temperatures and lethal radiation levels.
Once the base structure is complete and the environment is adequate, pieces of equipment and lightweight furniture would be transported to the Moon together with the first astronauts, who would arrange them inside the base. Bigger crewed rovers for the astronauts would also be sent to the Moon on this stage. If needed, more modules could be added to the space station in the future, were it to accommodate more astronauts, with the production of lunar concrete and the 3D printing of further components.
By building the base on location, with lunar materials, and using lightweight furniture, costs associated with transport and construction would be drastically reduced.
2.3 The environment on the Moon is very dangerous for the astronauts. Explain how your Moon Camp will protect them. (maximum 150 words)
The Moon Base would need to protect the astronauts from the harsh lunar conditions and dangers, mainly extreme temperature fluctuations, the impact of meteorites, harmful radiation levels and the inexistence of an atmosphere.
Firstly, since the camp was going to be located on the south pole, astronauts would be exposed to significantly lower temperature fluctuations than the ones registered in other regions of the Moon. Moreover, due to permanent exposure to sunlight, energy production would occur constantly, some of which could be used for heating.
Most of the base would be situated underground, providing a permanent level of protection against the impact of meteorites and lethal radiation. Although higher costs are associated with this option, due the excavations that are required to build the base, safety is considerably higher.
The main building material, lunar concrete, would provide additional protection from harmful radiation, temperature fluctuations and the outside vacuum.