2.1 Where do you want to build your Moon Camp?
Reason: the base established on the side of the moon facing the earth has superior location resources relative to the earth, and the cost is low. At present, communication, meteorology, resources and other application satellites located in the geostationary orbit 36000 kilometers above the earth’s equator have high positions and play a great role. They revolve around the earth at the same speed as the earth’s rotation. From the ground, they seem to be fixed in the air. They can communicate and observe the earth in a considerable range. The moon is more than 10 times higher from the earth than these satellites. Relatively speaking, due to the convenience of communication and control, it is easier to build a permanently inhabited base on the side of the moon facing the earth than at the far end of the moon.
2.2 How do you plan to build your Moon Camp? Describe the techniques, materials and your design choices.
First, they will land on the moon in batches, initially composed of scientists and engineers. They will study the composition of the moon and use the existing materials of the moon to transform them into the resources we need through experimental exploration. Purifying the water on the moon for human use, of course, can also be used as raw materials for fuel cells. Hydrogen fuel cells can provide energy in the long night to prolong the time of astronauts on the moon. And most importantly, water can be broken down into hydrogen and oxygen, which is rocket fuel.
The lunar land has the necessary materials to make cement. Mining equipment can screen out the organic molecules in the lunar dust and build huge buildings that cannot be brought from the earth. In the future, the robot arm controlled by 3D printing technology and ROS can print and build most of the things needed by human beings. In addition, the use of some special metals and materials will make the survival of the moon more favorable. At the same time, ROS system is used to control the car for patrol and monitoring to ensure the safety of the base, and monitor the environment outside the base and the facilities inside the base in real time with the monitoring equipment outside the base.
2.3 The environment on the Moon is very dangerous for the astronauts. Explain how your Moon Camp will protect them. (maximum 150 words)
If there is a lunar magnetic field, it will be of great significance for the establishment of a lunar scientific research station in the future. It provides a natural protective barrier, and the solar wind will be deflected by it. If the lunar scientific research station is built in the lunar magnetosphere, the space environment will be much safer.
The moon has no magnetic field of the earth, and there are many local magnetic fields, which we call “magnetic anomaly”. Magnetic anomaly is a multipole, arched closed magnetic line of force, which is like a small geomagnetic field. When the solar wind encounters these small magnetic fields, it deflects and flows around under the action of the magnetic field, forming a protective structure similar to the earth’s magnetosphere. If the magnetic anomaly can shield more than 50% of the solar wind, we think that a micromagnetic layer is produced.