Mooncamp challenge
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Pioneers gallery 2022 – Moon Camp Challenge
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Pioneers gallery 2022

Moon Camp Pioneers Gallery 2021-2022

In Moon Camp Pioneers each team’s mission is to 3D design a complete Moon Camp using Fusion 360. They also have to explain how they will use local resources, protect astronauts from the dangerous of space and describe the living and working facilities.

Team: Stars Align

郑州轻工业大学附属中学  河南省郑州市    China 19, 17   3 / 1
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Project description

We are a base that focuses on scientific research projects and can be self-sufficient. The goal of the base is to explore more available resources and possibilities for the moon.

The base contains buildings with stars as the main body, including scientific research laboratory, general control room, rest area, entertainment area and medical area, which provide living and rest places for astronauts, meteorological observatory, hydrogen production and hydrogenation station, greenhouse, rest cabin, geotechnical centrifuge, lunar rover, smelter and launch tower. We use the meteorological observatory to observe the environmental changes of the moon to effectively formulate response plans in advance; The hydrogen production and hydrogenation station can effectively use the materials on the moon to process them into usable energy; The greenhouse can provide food; Geotechnical centrifuges, lunar rover and smelters can collect and process materials on the moon, and the collected materials can be used as materials for astronauts’ research; The launch tower can strengthen the connection between the base and the earth.

These buildings provide sufficient conditions for human beings to study the moon, enabling astronauts to live on the moon for a long time and carry out all kinds of research.

2.1 Where do you want to build your Moon Camp?

We’re going to build our lunar base near the north pole of the moon, and the reason why we chose to build a lunar base near the north pole of the moon is because there is a place where the moon’s north pole has permanent sunlight, and we can get solar energy resources for us to use, and there are many craters there, and there are a lot of ice water in the craters for us to take. There are also many lava caves on the north pole of the moon, which have good radiation protection and thermal insulation, and the lava caves may be closer to the groundwater hidden on the surface of the moon, which will also benefit the expansion of our lunar camp.

2.2 How do you plan to build your Moon Camp? Describe the techniques, materials and your design choices.

In order to meet the long-term living needs of human beings and to be able to carry out scientific research, it is necessary to build a living capsule and laboratory to use the resources on the moon to convert the air for human breathing and the fuel required for aircraft, as well as scientific and technological test platforms, lunar-based space observatories and manned deep space exploration transit stations. We will produce oxygen by the traditional method of building plant greenhouses, in addition, we will heat and melt the lunar soil or rock through a lunar soil centrifuge for energized electrolysis, and oxygen will be released from the melt in the form of bubbles for our collection and use. Building materials are scarce and can be built using 3D printing, smelters, and lunar soil. The elements in the lunar soil are abundant, and they can be extracted by chemical methods such as electrolysis to meet the needs of use.

2.3 The environment on the Moon is very dangerous for the astronauts. Explain how your Moon Camp will protect them. (maximum 150 words)

In order to protect astronauts from the huge changes in space radiation and the temperature difference between the lunar surface, the upper and lower layers of our camp are independent of each other. Our astronauts spend other hours outside of work on the basement level (inside small craters). The aeolian sand layer around the crater has a good radiation protection and thermal insulation effect, which can ensure the safety of our astronauts. • The wall of our camp is composed of the first wall composed of the aeolian sand layer and special adhesives and the second wall 3D printed with titanium material, which can further prevent radiation and heat preservation. • There is a remote sensing radar next to our camp that can monitor whether there is large space junk or meteorites hitting our camp, so we can go down to the underground layer in time or take a lunar rover to escape the base from harm. Our camp light control system can control the intensity of the sunlight shining into the camp, providing the appropriate light intensity for the plants in our camp, so that the plants can better produce oxygen for our astronauts to breathe.

2.4 Explain how your Moon Camp will provide the astronauts with:
Water
Food
Power
Air

First of all, the moon has water, and it is not a star and a half. But it is not the liquid water that people think, just gaseous water and ice water, which is undrinkable, and bringing water from the ground into space cannot meet the large water needs of human beings. Then, the recycling cycle of water has become the key to temporarily solving the problem of water use. We bring a large number of circulators to the lunar base, collecting and purifying human urine, the first domestic wastewater, the moisture exhaled by astronauts, sweat, and wastewater entrained in food, biological experiments, and water distribution from plant cultivation. After being treated by the circulator, it is converted into drinking water again, domestic water, and experimental water. This circulatory system is equipped with a closed environment of the moon, which can effectively solve the problem of water use.

Some time before landing on the lunar base, you can directly rely on supplies from the earth, if the number of people is long, you still have to cultivate the land on the spot, there is no shortage of energy and sunlight on the moon, it is not too difficult to create conditions for plant growth, and the more troublesome problem is up to half a month of dark nights. Therefore, in the daytime of up to half a month, relying on sunlight to let plants grow, half a month of dark hours, with battery panels powered by the light to illuminate the plants, to prevent plants from “starving to death” due to lack of light. It is more reliable to use nuclear power.

First of all, the moon itself, as a large satellite of the earth, can also receive abundant solar energy, and we will implant a large number of solar charging plates on the surface of the base according to the law of solar shift to solve the power problem. Second, the moon is rich in mineral deposits, especially helium-3, which is rich in and fusion fuels, so for every ton of helium-3 extracted from lunar soil, 6300 tons of hydrogen, 70 tons of nitrogen and 1600 tons of carbon can be obtained. We will achieve the extraction and utilization of helium-3, hydrogen and other important elements by combining the smelter built on the moon with the lunar soil centrifuge.

The method of transporting oxygen cylinders from Earth was first ruled out, and the high cost of transportation has abandoned this scheme. We will solve the oxygen problem in two ways, the first is by building closed and transparent greenhouses on the moon, planting green plants to make oxygen, and requiring the synchronous support of water resources and fertilizer energy. The second is to directly use the oxygen element on the surface of the moon to produce oxygen, using the melt electrolysis method, simply put, that is, the lunar soil or rock is heated and melted for energized electrolysis, oxygen is released from the melt in the form of bubbles, usually heated to 1600-2500 degrees, oxygen-containing rock mass can decompose to produce oxygen.

2.5 Explain what would be the main purpose of your Moon Camp.

In human consciousness, the Earth is the only place where it can live, the Moon, which is just a distant planet. With the development of science and technology, human beings are eager to explore more secrets of the universe. Toward this goal, humans push astronauts out, and then to the lunar camp. The purpose of the establishment of the lunar camp is to study whether human beings can survive on the moon, but also to promote the development of high and new technologies, in order to explore more civilizations. When astronauts successfully lived on the moon, it represented a big step forward in human civilization.

3.1 Describe a day on the Moon for your Moon Camp astronaut crew.

The astronauts were divided into two teams, taking turns at 7-23 hours and 23-7 hours. At 7:00 a.m., the astronauts began a personal cleaning. Astronauts will be required to conduct regular health assessments during their flight. At 7:20, the personal cleaning was over, and the astronauts began to conduct routine medical examinations, mainly measuring their blood pressure and body temperature, taking weight measurements, etc., and making calls with the medical insurance personnel on the ground. At 7:50, the astronauts began to eat breakfast. Breakfast was prepared by the astronauts on duty the night before. After breakfast, the shifts were made, and the astronauts on duty the night before began to sleep. Shift time is controlled until 8:10

From 8:00 to 20:00, astronauts mainly conduct a number of space experiments, completing the main daily work content, space station maintenance, and weightless physiological effect protection. In order to combat the damage caused to the human body by the long-term weightless environment, astronauts need to take certain weightlessness protection measures, such as using a bicycle power meter for exercise. On the space station, daily maintenance and safety checks are carried out on a daily basis. Astronauts have to disinfect the space station or transfer some supplies. In addition, astronauts need to repair some basic equipment, such as air filters. During the working hours, the astronauts will have fixed meals and lunch breaks according to the ground work and rest time. After 20 o’clock is the astronaut’s exercise time, free entertainment and personal tidying up. They can exercise in the sky by cycling and running on the space running platform.  You can also communicate with Heaven and Earth through video, email, etc.

After a hard day’s work, the astronauts were ready for bed. Before going to bed, astronauts should carry out personal hygiene cleaning. Bathing in space is a hassle. Just “take a bath” in the way of wiping, wipe the body with a special towel with detergent, and then wipe the body with a towel without detergent, of course, the feeling after “wiping the bath” will certainly not be as refreshing as taking a shower on the ground. Hair washing is done using a shower cap that is worn directly on the head and rubbed with your hands. In addition to the astronauts on duty, others will slip into a warm and comfortable sleeping bag, wear an eye mask and noise-proof earplugs, and fall into a sweet sleep. At the same time, the astronauts on night shifts will continue to carry out relevant experimental research work.

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