Mooncamp challenge
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Pioneers gallery 2022 – Moon Camp Challenge
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Pioneers gallery 2022

Moon Camp Pioneers Gallery 2021-2022

In Moon Camp Pioneers each team’s mission is to 3D design a complete Moon Camp using Fusion 360. They also have to explain how they will use local resources, protect astronauts from the dangerous of space and describe the living and working facilities.

Team: D.h

郑州轻工业大学附属中学  河南省郑州市    China 19, 18   3 / 1
Project description

We plan to build a combined above-ground and underground camp, using the moon as a springboard to further explore the rest of the solar system. The above-ground part is mainly a flat spherical building, in order to make it resistant to meteorite impacts and better protect astronauts, so its walls have a total of three layers of architecture. Its innermost layer is cast from a hard titanium alloy; aerogel material is used inside its middle layer; and its outermost layer uses “lunar concrete” formed by combining highly ductile lunar soil with human urine, which is then covered with lunar soil. We plan to build two floors to give astronauts a wide range of accommodation conditions, which mainly include: space agricultural experimental area, living area, scientific research area, storage area.

2.1 Where do you want to build your Moon Camp?

In the micromagnetic layer on the far side of the moon; the far side of the moon is not only rich in resources, open terrain, suitable for astronomical observation, but also has a special zone. The moon does not have the same atmosphere and magnetic field as the Earth, so that solar wind particles can directly bombard the lunar surface, these particles will cause damage to artificial equipment, make solar cells degraded, and more importantly, cause health hazards to astronauts working on the moon for a long time, but fortunately, there is a special magnetic field on the far side of the moon that can shield more than 50% of the solar wind, that is, the micromagnetic layer.

2.2 How do you plan to build your Moon Camp? Describe the techniques, materials and your design choices.

Building camps on the moon requires as lightweight design as possible and a wide range of material sources. So the material uses is moon dust, in other words, moon soil. The great advantage of this material is that it can be seen everywhere, and the surface of the moon is covered by this material, and the thickness of the cover varies from 20 centimeters to several meters. Here we need to use 3D printers, and we’ll use small rovers with a small shovel underneath it that transports the lunar soil to where it needs to be built, and then piles a thin layer of soil there, and then other machines solidify the soil, layer by layer, until a few months later the entire base is built.

2.3 The environment on the Moon is very dangerous for the astronauts. Explain how your Moon Camp will protect them. (maximum 150 words)

The site chose aerogel material for use in the interior of the middle layer of the building, which is durable and can withstand temperatures up to 1400 degrees Celsius with good thermal insulation performance, enough to isolate these temperatures. In addition, it has a dome on top, and its huge weight can protect us.  Observatory of temperature, glacier speed, surface coverage, and geometry by satellites can perform the function of predicting the location of meteorites with 80% accuracy.

2.4 Explain how your Moon Camp will provide the astronauts with:
Water
Food
Power
Air

The lunar soil contains silicon and metal oxides, about an average mass of 43% oxygen, from which oxygen-containing iron minerals are selected, and then the oxygenated iron minerals are reduced with hydrogen brought from the earth, and fresh water can be prepared.

In closed ecosystems, plants can recycle organic waste and convert carbon dioxide into breathable oxygen. With air and water, a lunar agricultural and aquaculture base has been established on the moon, and the food source of the people on the moon is fully guaranteed. It is also possible to grow crops in water, using white and red LED light, by adjusting the light to change the mineral and vitamin composition of the plant.

The lunar soil contains a large number of “helium 3”, “helium 3” is an ideal clean energy, the moon has at least 1 million tons of helium 3, enough for the whole earth to use for ten thousand years, while the solar wind is still sending helium-3, the reserves are unabated, helium 3 is a very efficient nuclear fusion power generation fuel, can be called “super energy”. During the day, the moon is extremely solar, and the solar panels are charged to provide power to the base.

The regolith samples returned from the lunar mission have extremely rich reserves of oxygen, and about 40%-45% of the regolith weight is oxygen. In a specially designed chamber, the oxygenated material is immersed in molten salt, heated to 950 ° C, and then an electric current passes through, triggering oxygen to be extracted and migrated, while it accumulates at the electrodes, leaving a mixture of metal powders. At the same time, pressurized oxygen cylinders provide a backup oxygen source for the cabin, which are placed on the lunar base for occasional needs.

2.5 Explain what would be the main purpose of your Moon Camp.

On average, the moon is about 384,000 kilometers from earth.  Therefore, once the astronauts successfully established base on the moon, so you can base on the moon as a springboard to further explore the rest of the solar system, make the human to look to more distant objects, base on the moon could become earth’s nearest space base, convenient the astronauts other, more distant space missions.  At the same time, human beings can use the space environment to study the origin and evolution of the moon and earth.  Experiments and development in microbial genetic engineering, life support system in closed environment and large-scale artificial biosphere;  Developing and utilizing lunar resources, establishing lunar enterprises, developing space industry: providing space tourism and other commercial activities for people.

3.1 Describe a day on the Moon for your Moon Camp astronaut crew.

The astronauts’ day is divided into three periods: 6:00 to 16:00 for the first group of astronauts, 16:00 to 20:00 for the two groups of astronauts for work handover, and 20:00-6:00 for the second group of astronauts.

The astronauts’ day will begin in the living quarters, which will provide everything needed for daily life, and they will be divided into two groups, staggered time periods to carry out missions, to ensure that the lunar camp is always supervised.

The first group of astronauts opened their sleeping bins, washed up and enjoyed breakfast, preparing for the day’s mission.

Astronauts piloted lunar rovers around the entire lunar base, operated an oxygen machine to probe the soil, excavated silicon and metal oxides in the lunar soil, and used hydrogen to restore oxygenated iron minerals to produce fresh water, thereby creating oxygen for the new day.

The astronauts then enjoy a delicious lunch in the restaurant.

After lunch, the astronauts came to the Space Agricultural Experiment Zone to observe existing plants, record their growth status, and begin to study the cultivation of new plants suitable for the lunar environment.

The busy work is over, the astronauts can carry out free activities, for the sake of the astronauts’ physical health, the astronauts must go to the rehabilitation training area every day to exercise.

After a short break, the astronauts entered the research area to further develop and study the moon, using the lunar base as a springboard to further explore other parts of the solar system.

Subsequently, the second group of astronauts woke up, after washing, all the astronauts went to the conference room together, carried out work handover and made meeting records, and the first group of astronauts entered the sleeping capsule.

The schedule of the second group of astronauts is similar to that of the first group, in addition to which the second group of astronauts checks the working conditions of the entire lunar base to ensure the normal operation of the lunar base.

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