Mooncamp challenge
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Pioneers gallery 2022 – Moon Camp Challenge
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Pioneers gallery 2022

Moon Camp Pioneers Gallery 2021-2022

In Moon Camp Pioneers each team’s mission is to 3D design a complete Moon Camp using Fusion 360. They also have to explain how they will use local resources, protect astronauts from the dangerous of space and describe the living and working facilities.

Team: Queen Cells

郑州轻工业大学附属中学  河南省郑州市    China 19, 18   6 / 3   First Place – Non-ESA Member states
External viewer for 3d project
Project description
  • Queen Cells Base is the first step for human beings to march towards the moon. Just as its name is, where the queen is. Its significance is that no matter how large the base is expanded in the future, Queen Cells Base is undoubtedly the center, so as to ensure that our base can form an organic whole adapting to the lunar environment in the future. The main purpose of Queen Cells base is scientific research. It is a place for research and utilization of lunar in-situ resources, such as extraction of helium-3, extraction and use of titanium and iron.
  • We modularize the base into living area and working area, and the working area is subdivided into small cabins to maintain the operation of the base and the normal life activities of astronauts.
  • In the internal layout, we will start from the color and layout, in order to achieve the purpose of easing the pressure on astronauts, while introducing the concept of smart home to make the base more intelligent and automated.
  • In terms of energy, we design a folding paper film solar wing based on metamorphic folding paper mechanism, and use PID algorithm to accurately control the folding of folding paper solar wing by motor combined with laser ranging. It prevents the damage of lunar dust and temperature difference, and prolongs the service life.
2.1 Where do you want to build your Moon Camp?

We decided to establish our lunar camp at the Shackleton crater in the Antarctic moon. We maintain the normal operation of the base by its 80 % – 90 % light cycle. At the same time, it has unparalleled geographical advantages for us to carry out research. First, the base visit the permanent shadow area, there are a lot of water ice waiting for us to mine, research and use ; second, abundant mineral resources give us more opportunities to study and build our bases ; third, the temperature difference is more friendly than the equator ; fourthly, about 120 kilometres from here, stands about 5 kilometres high on Mount Marabert, which is the best choice for Earth-Moon Relay.

2.2 How do you plan to build your Moon Camp? Describe the techniques, materials and your design choices.

In the base construction, we use the honeycomb bionic base, so that the building structure density is the highest, the required materials are the simplest, the use space is the largest, the structure is stable and solid ; it is conducive to the construction of the base and the later expansion. In the first stage, we will transport giant 3D printers, robots, radiation-resistant dome structures and so on to the moon. After finding the appropriate location, we will make a reasonable transformation, so as to provide favorable conditions for subsequent printing. For example, we will repair the uneven moon and so on. After that, the robot will expand the inflatable membrane from the earth, and then cover the geopolymer concrete with extreme environmental resistance on the outer surface of the membrane ( our geopolymer is mainly composed of aggregate, cement and water ) to play a protective role. In addition, we also use barium silicate glass with excellent radiation resistance in the dome structure to allow astronauts to observe cosmic phenomena. In the second stage, we will transport all kinds of equipment to the moon to maintain the operation of the base, in order to form a perfect controlled ecological security system. In the third phase, two astronauts will embark on the moon and begin life on the moon. This situation will not last long. After the base is stabilized, the living area will be further expanded to accommodate more astronauts and scientific researchers.

2.3 The environment on the Moon is very dangerous for the astronauts. Explain how your Moon Camp will protect them. (maximum 150 words)
  • According to the environment on the moon, roughly the following cases : meteorite, radiation, temperature difference, lunar dust ;
  • A large number of meteorite landings : building bases in polar regions reduces the probability of meteorite falling, while radars at the bases continuously detect conditions over the bases to allow astronauts to take emergency measures.
  • Terrorist radiation : In addition to using geopolymers and radiation – proof barium silicate glasses, we also add a layer of lunar weathering above 50 cm.
  • Extreme temperature difference : astronauts are in the base for a long time. In the base, we will use constant temperature technology to ensure constant temperature of astronauts.
  • Moon Dust Invasion : Internal inflatable membrane structure and air lock inlets and outlets ensure constant air pressure and purity of air composition inside the base.
2.4 Explain how your Moon Camp will provide the astronauts with:
Water
Food
Power
Air

Since the earth ’ s water supply is very expensive, water ice and soil with water ice are used as the main sources of water in the lunar base, and the water circulation system is used as the main framework in the whole base. When adopting water ice, we choose a special lunar rover with heating drill and heating furnace to melt water ice. In the daily life of the base, we will store water in the tank that can maintain the normal operation of the base for half a month. At the same time, the water circulation equipment will connect each cabin, and collect urine, sweat and so on, so as to achieve water circulation.

In the early stage, astronauts would eat their own space food ( mostly meat ) from the earth. After the completion of the water culture laboratory and the planting area, astronauts would plant carrots ( vitamin C ), sweet potatoes ( protein, fat, vitamin ), tomatoes ( vitamin A ), lentils ( potassium ), soybeans ( calcium, protein ) and so on.

In our energy system, in order to adapt to the lunar environment, long-term stability for the moon camp to provide energy, we use two ways : photovoltaic power generation system and fuel cell system. Photovoltaic power generation equipment makes full use of solar energy during the day of the month to provide direct power for the base ; fuel cells work during the moon night to provide heat and electricity for the base. At the same time, we will establish energy integrated management equipment to monitor the overall working condition of the base and manage the scheduling.

Air is an important part of the controlled ecological and environmental protection system. Single-cell algae and oxygen chambers are responsible for this task. They have strong ability to release oxygen and absorb carbon dioxide. We use molten electrolysis and water electrolysis. The lunar soil or rock is heated and melted by melting electrolysis, and then electrolyzed. Oxygen is released in the form of bubbles from the melt. Usually, when heated to 1600 – 2500 degrees, oxygen-containing rock mass can be decomposed to produce oxygen. The water electrolysis method uses more water resources to produce oxygen.

2.5 Explain what would be the main purpose of your Moon Camp.

The main purpose of our base is scientific research, mainly for exploration, mining, research and storage of mineral resources, helium-3, water ice and so on on on the moon. In resource exploration, we mainly observe the types, distribution and reserves of resources, and evaluate whether mining has economic benefits. After the exploration is completed, the lunar resources will be detected and exploited ; moon resource transportation ; separation and extraction of lunar resources ; moon resources storage a series of work.

3.1 Describe a day on the Moon for your Moon Camp astronaut crew.
  • In order to prevent emergencies on the moon, we will arrange different timetables for the two people, and in order to make astronauts adapt to outer space life, we will continue to maintain a 24-hour one-day system. We divide each day into three eight hours. One of the astronauts rests in the first eight hours. The second eight hours are the common awakening time of the two, which can communicate their research results of the day. The third eight hours are the rest of another astronaut.
  • At the same time, we introduced smart home. The kitchen manipulator can cook independently through the EEG control of astronauts. Smart home robots can monitor the changes of temperature, humidity, oxygen concentration and so on in the base in real time. Sleep monitoring and emergency forced wake-up measures for astronauts in sleep cabin.
  • For astronauts awake time, we divide it into fixed working time and free time :
  • During a fixed working time, astronauts will transmit information to the Earth at a fixed time, such as experimental data, base material consumption, etc., followed by safety inspection and maintenance of equipment in each cabin, as well as outgoing collection of test samples, or by judging the day and night of the month to accommodate folding folding folding paper solar wings, etc.
  • In the free time, in addition to the three meals at a fixed time, astronauts often go to the fitness and entertainment room for exercise every day, such as running ( lower limb strength training ), fitness ring + VR exercise ( combination of entertainment and fitness ) and so on to prevent the damage of the lunar environment to the human body, and at the same time, they can watch movies that have been cached. Then they can also read in the dormitory, listen to music, and family video chat and so on.
  • In fact, this is only a preliminary situation. After the base is stable, we will expand again on the basis of the existing base, and plan to carry scientists, mechanical engineers and so on to the moon for scientific research. At that time, the role of Queen Cells Base will be greater.

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