2.1 Where do you want to build your Moon Camp?
Malapert Mountain at the moon’s South Pole. First, the temperature difference between day and night in polar regions is smaller than that in non-polar regions, and there is more sunlight. There may also be plenty of water ice in the polar regions, which could be good for human life. Second, Mount Malaport is 116 kilometers from Shackleton Crater, which means it could provide power and communications to the crater. The crater is potentially valuable for astronomical observations, and infrared instruments will benefit from extremely low temperatures. If a radio telescope were set up, the mountain would shield it from broad-spectrum radio interference from Earth. Also, there’s the 5km high Malaport Mountain, which is always visible from earth. If properly equipped, it can serve as a radio relay station.
2.2 How do you plan to build your Moon Camp? Describe the techniques, materials and your design choices.
The moon camp will be built in a modular way, with scientists and engineers building the actual moon camp on the ground, then separating it into modules and transporting it to the moon in batches using powerful launch vehicles. When the troops and horses are not moved, food and grass should come first. After all the parts and food were delivered to the moon, the astronauts landed and began to assemble and build the lunar camp. The base is made of titanium alloy and engineering plastics. As for concrete, it can be made from local materials.
2.3 The environment on the Moon is very dangerous for the astronauts. Explain how your Moon Camp will protect them. (maximum 150 words)
Against meteorites. A semi-underground form of the base will be built, reinforced with concrete, and an early warning system will be set up so that when a meteorite falls, people can quickly take refuge below the moon’s surface.
Radiation protection. The moon’s radiation comes mainly from two places, cosmic rays and solar wind particles, so astronauts only live below the moon’s surface in rock-protected living quarters.
Against heat and cold. The lunar surface temperature is -180 to 160 degrees Celsius, and a reliable life support system will be set up in the lunar camp to ensure the safety of the astronauts. Secondly, in the lunar rover and detector, we will adopt the technology of “high temperature heat dissipation, low temperature heat generation” to ensure the normal operation of precision instruments.