Our Moon Camp is named after Mirosław Hermaszewski, a famous Polish pilot, and, more importantly, a cosmonaut. As one of the first Europeans who flew to space, he serves as an inspiration to this day, being an outstanding example of European and Polish perseverance. Our Moon Base consists of four habitats being divided into two floors. It includes a command/IT centre, a food farm, laboratory and a medical centre, as well as rooms essential for living there, such as toilet, bathroom, kitchen, gym and entertainment room. It’s a home for four astronauts, let alone visiting missions. Entertainment room is crucial for long-duration missions. It consists of a TV set, a couch, poufs, and a table for playing board- and card games. Since on the Moon everything is approximately six times lighter, our gym has special machines, including a treadmill, an exercise bicycle and a device simulating weight by using underpressure pistons. Our Moon Camp is also provided with a radiation shelter. Outside, there is a pressurized and unpressurized rover and a radiotelescope. Hermaszewski flew to space thanks to a so-called “visiting mission” which serve as a kind of entertainment and change in the lives of astronauts. They had been held since the begining of the humankind’s permanent outposts in space. We took that into consideration, as our Moon Camp continues that legacy. A manned lunar lander is designed to connect with the base in purpose to create an additional habitat for two astronauts.
Unde doriți să vă construiți Tabăra Lunii?Craterul Shackleton
De ce ați ales această locație?
We chose this location mainly because of constant sunlight present on the edge of the crater. However, due to its situation on the lunar south pole, there is water ice. It enables the astronauts to perform in-situ resource utilization, making the camp more self-sufficient. Another advantage of this location is bearable temperature on the south pole, reducing the mass of insulation needed.
Cum plănuiți să vă construiți tabăra lunară? Ce materiale veți folosi?
Our Moon Camp is built of shells made of composite materials. They are not inflatable, as there is no need for that, considering commercially available heavy lift vehicles such as SpaceX’s Starship. However, they are also designed to fit perfectly into Ariane 6’s or Themis’ fairing, as they all have circa five metres in diamater. The shell, made of hydrogen-enriched aerogel, which has outstanding thermoisolating capabilities, is lightweight and durable. These properties are additionally multiplied by the shape of the shell itself, which is inspired by hen’s egg. The top of the habitats are covered with 3d-printed regolith.
In the beggining, water to our Moon Camp will come from the Earth. However, after the arrival of the mining robots, we will use in-situ resource utilization. They will harvest water from lunar ice. Our Camp is also provided with water managment system, connected with waste management system and air conditioning/recycling. It would allow us to circulate the water and reuse it at even higher rate than today at the ISS. Tanks protecting the base from cosmic radiation also serve as water containers.
The Camp is provided with a hydroponic farm. Astronauts grow there tomatoes, carrots, beetroots and onions. In the aquaria below there are fish, algae and oysters. Plants are source of carbohydrates, and seafood provides protein. They are also provided by insects, which terraria are located next to the farm.
Our Base also has a special 3d-printer for food, which, as well as plants, serves a psychological purpose. Similarly, earth-like utenslis in the kitchen help to relieve stress.
Hermaszewski Moon Camp is equipped with a handful of sunflower-inspired solar panels. They track the Sun, therefore providing more electricity. Each of them is connected to a hydrogen fuel cells, because of which astronauts have enough power during the night. The radiotelescope, however, has its own solar panels at disposal, so do the rovers. During composting process in the composting system, heat is generated, being later distributed in the base to provide optimal temperature inside the habitats.
All habitats in the Hermaszewski Moon Camp have their own air recycling system, both chemical and biological (containers with algae on the walls) ones. It doesn’t have a traditional airlock, as it is likely to contaminate the habitats with dangerous lunar ice. Instead, the suits are connected directly to the base, so is the lunar lander. It’s an innovative idea, allowing the astronauts to freely move around between the base and the lander without time-consuming oxygen pre-breathing (ISLE), etc. The base is protected against sudden decompression by airlocks in the corridors linking the habitats.
As mentioned before, the habitats’ shell is made of hydrogen-enriched aerogel, which guarantees optimal temperature inside as well as structural stability.
Protection against cosmic radiation is guaranteed by the hydrogen in shells, 3d-printed lunar regolith and water tanks on top of the habitats, which also serve as regular containers. Windows are made of so-called transparent aluminium (an alloy of aluminium, nitrogen and oxygen).
Hermaszewski Moon Camp is safeguarded against micrometeorites by the lunar soil and the shells itselves.
The Moon Base has a radiation shelter, too. Its shell is made from aerogel and poliethylene mitigating cosmic radiation.
Descrieți o zi pe Lună pentru unul dintre astronauții din tabăra lunară
As there is no 24 hour cycle on the Moon, our astronauts will use 24 hour UTC format.
- 7:30 – waking up
- 7:30-7:45 – morning routine
- 7:45-8:30 – breakfast
- 8:30-12:30 – scientific tasks. This point may vary depending on the proffesion of an astronaut, e.g. biologists carry out research with plants or in the laboratory, chemists spend this time in the lab, doctors – in the medical room etc.
- 12:30-12:40 – small brunch
- 12:40-12:50 – short break
- 12:50-14:30 – physical activities
- 14:30-14:50 – short break
- 14:50-16:30 – scientific tasks
- 16:30-17:15 – lunch preparation and lunch
- 17:15-17:30 – short break
- 17:30-18:30 – scientific tasks
- 18:30-19:15 – physical activities
- 19:15-20:30 – scientific tasks
- 20:30-20:45 – physical activities
- 20:45-2 1:00 – supper
- 21:00-21:15 – short break
- 21:15-21:35 – base maintenance
- 21:35-22:00 – evening routine
- 22:00-22:30 – online meeting with mission control team
- 22:30-23:00 – free time, e.g. for family calls
- 23:00-7:30 – sleep
Meals: 1 h 45 min
Breaks and free time: 1 h 30 min
Morning and evening routine: 40 min
Scientific tasks: 7 h 55 min
Physical activities: 2 h 40 min
Base maintenance and contact with mission control team: 50 min
Sleep: 8 h 30 min
Of course, in case of EV activities, this schedule may be altered, as oxygen pre-breathing and other activities crucial for spacewalks take a lot of time.