Mooncamp challenge
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Pioneers gallery

Moon Camp Pioneers Gallery 2019-2020

In Moon Camp Pioneers each team’s mission is to 3D design a complete Moon Camp using Fusion 360. They also have to explain how they will use local resources, protect astronauts from the dangerous of space and describe the living and working facilities.

Team: The Apha Moon Camp

Lycée Polyvalent Léonard de Vinci & Lycée Simone Veil  Antibes & Valbonne    France 15 to 16 years old External viewer for 3d project
Project description
Describe your Moon Camp project.

        We chose to go to the moon not because it is easy but because it is difficult, but we also chose to create a 3D base to make it easier.

        We have built this base to accommodate 3 to 5 astronauts, independent in energy and fuel, to allow people like us to be able to go to the moon and advance in science, to make it excel in the lunar domain because obviously, our Moon has many great things to hide. It is not an easy challenge but thanks to the technologies already used in the context of space exploration and a huge number of the night lost we were able to create this.

Where do you want to build your Moon Camp?

      We want to build our Moon Camp near the north pole of the moon. The choices were not very difficult. Why? Because we have an almost constant solar coverage long enough to be able to provide us with enough energy (thanks to solar panels) and recharge our batteries for the night period. There are also significant quantities of ice water and it being analysed which will allow us to survive but also of, thanks to electrolysis to create oxygen and hydrogen which can, therefore, be used as fuel to resupply rockets and therefore why not go further than the Moon. But it’s not all, temperatures are not so extreme, they vary between -75 degrees to 0 from night to solar periods.

How do you plan to build your Moon Camp? Describe the techniques and materials you would use.

       The whole thing was designed to be lightweight and portable to space. Modules are 4.5-meter diameter each to fit correctly in the dedicated payload compartment in rockets and also the same length and inter diameter so they can be modified internally without having to disconnect the module from the base. The base assembly is very similar to the ISS module arrangement system. There is one thing we should think about though, and it is the inter-module docking mechanism. We thought we could use the current standards like the ISS CBM or the ILIDS but those may not support the possible physical stress caused by the lunar gravity and terrain shape (those may need to be sort of flexible). Speaking of terrain shape, to compensate we designed  The interior part of our modules may adopt the ISPR system (International Standard Payload Rack) also from the ISS. The ground can also be used as storage.

Water
Food
Electricity
Air

Obviously, We will use the water recovery system that will allow us to recycle urine, sweat, wastewater and condensed water in the cabins, but it will not be the only way to supply us in water because of course, we have placed ourselves at the Moon Pole which is now richer in water ice. And once analyzed, if it is drinkable, this water will be transformed into liquid water that will be used to wash, drink, but also thanks to electrolysis we can break down this water into oxygen and hydrogen which can liquefy given liquid hydrogen (LH2) and liquid oxygen (LOX) to use it as Rocket Fuel and go Why not? Further than the Moon.

Food is one big challenge in space, as a lunar base, the whole thing is different because of gravity. We think it will be complicated to regularly provide supplies through lunar landers, so the main solution is to be self-contained. The base includes a growth chamber for vegetables and fruits to partially solve this problem.

For energy, we planned to use simple solar panels as well as radioisotope thermoelectric generators. Since we are based around the poles of the moon, we will have an almost constant solar energy production. For safety, it will be important for every single module to be self-sufficient energetically, but if something goes wrong we’ll be able to power the defective module with another one. We had the idea to use Peltier modules installations, it may work well-generating electricity considering that in space, temperatures are radically changing according to the light exposition (?).

For the question of the revitalization and the generation of air on the camp we premeditated to employ the ECLSS system from the ISS which will allow us to generate dioxygen, with the oxygen generator system and with the air revitalization system which apply the recycling of trace contaminants and carbon dioxide.

How do you plan to build your Moon Camp? Which materials would you use?
The environment on the Moon is very dangerous for the astronauts. Explain how your Moon Camp will protect them.

      Indeed the Moon is a very hostile environment for most living bodies but the Moon itself can serve us as natural protection. And yes, using a 30 cm layer of Lunar regolith around each module, will act as an efficient natural shield for our base, so we won’t need to bury ourselves in lava caves. And solar radiation and particles will not have the possibility of physiologically attacking astronauts, damage electronic devices, and even kill the growing food.

Describe a day on the Moon for your Moon Camp astronaut crew.

At 6:30 UTC, the 3 to 4 astronauts will go to prepare and have their breakfast. At 8 a.m. the astronauts will have a conference with all the control centres (Houston, Munich, Moscow and Tsukuba) to summarize the past day and plan today’s day. After that, at 9 a.m., the engineers will go to do their checklist of vital systems (Water Recovery System, Air System Revitalization, Oxygen Generation System, Communication System (ECLSS) and then this energy system (solar panels, Thermoelectric Radioisotope Generator … ). The scientist will prepare his experiments (such as experiments on materials, on the evolution and behaviour of certain plant species in the face of lunar gravity …). At 10:30 a.m., the team will take a 25-minute break. Then, the experiments will start at 11 a.m. and end at 12:30 p.m. At 12:30 p.m., the team will eat lunch. At 1:30 p.m., the team will contact the control centre for experiments and executive orders. From 2:30 p.m. to 5:30 p.m., the scientists will take care of their experiments and, at 5:30 p.m., they will report to the control centre. And all the while, engineers will be thinking about how to optimize, enlarge and repair the base. And at 6 pm, the team will be able to contact their family and relax for 30 minutes. After having a good time with their teammates and their family, they will go and prepare dinner. Then, at 9 p.m., they will continue their daily activities, regardless of whether it is scientific, agricultural or technical. as you could see the day these astronauts this will sum up with a 50/50 with their scientific and engineering activities. And as for the “curfew”, they will go to bed between 00 am and 1 am.


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