In Moon Camp Pioneers each team’s mission is to 3D design a complete Moon Camp using Fusion 360. They also have to explain how they will use local resources, protect astronauts from the dangerous of space and describe the living and working facilities.
We plan on making a Moon Camp from which researchers could learn more about the Moon, and at the same time, feel comfortable. It would be a new beginning in the discovery of space, a beginning of a new frontier. Our Moon Base will be equipped to host 6 people. We will also have a greenhouse for oxygen, natural food and medicinal herbs in case an astronaut gets sick! We will use a rover to procure ice from our Moon’s surface which will be used for water. Also we will use sunlight for energy, energy which can be stocked in batteries for usage during lunar eclipses. A recycling system will be in place in order to reuse plastic, metal, water and other valuable resources.
Where do you want to build your Moon Camp?
Our Moon Camp will be built close to the South pole. The decision is based around the sunlight the Lunar poles receive, making it an almost endless resource, and the large amount of ice, one of the most important things we need for survival. Another important aspect that is being considered is the temperature range, from -50° to 0° C.
How do you plan to build your Moon Camp? Describe the techniques and materials you would use.
The team decided to make use of the regolith, that will be extracted for building the structure. We will use a 3D sketch and a big-scale 3D printer that will build the Moon Camp from lunar soil. However, we can not use only lunar soil so we will try to bring as little as possible from Earth. Mini-rovers might also prove to be useful in the construction of the Moon Camp.
Being close to the Lunar poles will give us the advantage of using ice that can be mined using a rover. A mirror will redirect the sunlight into the rover’s solar panel. A hot drill can also be used, melting the ice to then be collected manually or automatically. The water will then be purified using the recycling system. After a part of the water is used for drinking, electrolysis, or the greenhouse the remaining part will be stocked in a water tank.
The food will come from the greenhouse. In the greenhouse, we will plant vegetables such as: spinach, lettuce, carrots and potatoes. The greenhouse uses hydroponic light, the energy being generated by the solar panels. Also, we can also suggest bringing fish to space, as they don’t use a lot of resources and they present a source of good protein, that the astronauts can eat now and then.
The only source of electricity will be sunlight. Because the Moon Camp is close to the south pole, sunlight will be available anytime other than when lunar eclipses occur. The batteries however will be charged well before the eclipse, making sure that the Moon Camps does not run out of electricity.
We will use various plants such as algae because they produce O2 from our CO2 emissions. As they use a lot of space (8 squared meters per person), we will also use the electrolysis of water to separate O2 and H2, the O2 will be used for breathing and H2 for rocket fuel. We will get nitrogen from the Earth at the begging of building the Moon Camp, so that our Moon Camp’s atmosphere resembles Earth’s the best it can.
How do you plan to build your Moon Camp? Which materials would you use?
The environment on the Moon is very dangerous for the astronauts. Explain how your Moon Camp will protect them.
Our Moon Camp will protect the astronauts by having thick layers of concrete and layers of polyethylene for solar radiation. The layers will alternate in case one of them might be corrupted. We do not want any leakage of air. There will be special entrance rooms for astronauts after they leave the Camp in order to not lose any air and safely come back into the Camp.
Describe a day on the Moon for your Moon Camp astronaut crew.
After waking up, eating and finishing personal needs, the crew will start the day by checking the maintenance systems of life and work suits, but also by cleaning and maintaining the area (dust on the solar panels, check the water filter, feed the fish).
After making sure that everything is working well, they will start working(research, expanding the base, collecting lunar soil in order to examine the atoms it is made of).
In order to be in shape and for the crew’s health, they will also practice physical exercises, for a long period of time.
Going on such a mission comes with its risks, especially mental health, so the time left at the end of the day is for recreation, entertainment and talking with the loved ones from Earth.
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