Mooncamp challenge
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Pioneers gallery 2022 – Moon Camp Challenge
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Pioneers gallery 2022

Moon Camp Pioneers Gallery 2021-2022

In Moon Camp Pioneers each team’s mission is to 3D design a complete Moon Camp using Fusion 360. They also have to explain how they will use local resources, protect astronauts from the dangerous of space and describe the living and working facilities.

Team: The East Pioneer

郑州轻工业大学附属中学  河南省郑州市    China 19, 18   4 / 1
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Project description

Our plan is to set up a long-term living camp for six astronauts on the Moon. It will be an integrated camp with research, business and entertainment functions. Its shape looks like “Tai Chi” pattern in Chinese traditional culture, which symbolizes the universe noumenon and represents our original intentions of universe exploration. The structure of the camp will be a combination of the lunar surface and an underground lava tube. It consists of five modules: a Tai Chi operation center, a solar power generation area, a water ice mining area, an underground living area and an underground greenhouse. The Tai Chi operation center includes a control center and a laboratory. The solar power generation area is made up of a large number of solar panels to provide sufficient electricity for our camp. The water ice mining area is the place where we conduct water resources exploitation. The underground living area includes a dining room, lounge, and a mock earth room with fitness facilities and physical entertainment, complete with a gravity exoskeleton for each astronaut. It is equipped with an EMG sensor that will assess the health of the astronauts after each training session to ensure their health, which will relax the astronauts and prevent the deterioration of their bones and muscles in microgravity. The underground greenhouse is the place where we raise our plants and animals. We will not only do a lot of scientific research on the moon, make the camp a training ground for future space exploration.

2.1 Where do you want to build your Moon Camp?

We will establish a lunar camp in Aitken basin at the south pole of the moon for the following reasons:

  1. Antarctica has a very long period of continuous light, which provides very favorable conditions for long-term scientific exploration and solar power generation.
  2. There is water ice in the permanent shadow area, which provides excellent conditions for the acquisition of water resources.
  3. It has good temperature conditions. The average temperature of the south pole of the moon is 220 K ± 10 K (- 50 ℃ ± 10 ℃), which has a good thermal environment compared with other parts of the moon.
  4. In 2019, China has explored the region, proving that the region has the conditions for rocket landing.
2.2 How do you plan to build your Moon Camp? Describe the techniques, materials and your design choices.

In the first stage, we will use the flexible cabin to complete the foundation construction of the camp on the earth. Because the flexible cabin has a large transportation folding ratio, it can maintain the air pressure after filling with air, has good air tightness, has strong shape designability after expansion, has advantages for the spatial layout, and can avoid the impact of soil absorption of CO2 on the carbon cycle. After the construction is completed, four astronauts and our camp foundation will be launched into the air.

In the second stage, the four astronauts will use 3D printing robots to build the aboveground part of the camp with lunar soil as raw material according to the scheduled plan. The surface of all flexible compartments will be covered with lunar soil, and the subsequent equipment required will still be transported by rockets.

In the third stage, four astronauts will build the underground part of the camp, build elevators connecting the upper and lower parts, and use pipelines to connect all areas of the underground camp. In this stage, we will also use rockets to transport two other astronauts to the camp to help them complete the camp construction.

2.3 The environment on the Moon is very dangerous for the astronauts. Explain how your Moon Camp will protect them. (maximum 150 words)

In the above ground part of the camp, we will cover the space capsule with lunar soil to prevent the life of high polymer in the space capsule from being reduced due to long-term sunlight; At the same time, prevent space high-energy rays from entering the capsule and protect astronauts and electronic equipment; After the soil thickness reaches a certain size, it can isolate the heat exchange between inside and outside the cabin and form a certain constant temperature zone.

 The underground part will use the natural conditions of lava pipes to resist radiation and meteorites. In the later stage of camp construction, we will continue to use lunar soil for 3D printing to complete the expansion. We have equipped a mobile base vehicle as an emergency shelter, equipped with emergency necessities inside. In case of an accident, we will use it to escape to a safe area.

2.4 Explain how your Moon Camp will provide the astronauts with:
Water
Food
Power
Air

Water is an important resource for human survival. We will make full use of the water resources on the Moon. Initially we will have to use the water we bring from Earth, and when we are ready to mine the moon ice we will set up a sun concentrator of prisms in the right place.The heat generated by sunlight is used to melt the lunar ice, and then the lunar rover collects the generated condensate, which can be used in agriculture, hydration, energy and so on. And it can be used by astronauts after treatment. At the same time, waste water such as urine produced by astronauts will also be reused after being treated by a wastewater treatment system.

Our camp will plan to form a perfect nutrition system containing a variety of food sources. Therefore, we will cultivate green plants such as potatoes by hydroponics in the animal and plant greenhouse, and use the breeding warehouse to breed Tenebrio molitor. Potatoes can be used as food to provide essential vitamins and trace elements for astronauts, plant photosynthesis and respiration can realize the circulation of oxygen and carbon dioxide, and Tenebrio molitor provides essential protein for astronauts. At the same time, the laboratory will make artificial fat and artificial meat.

Because we are located in the Aitken basin at the south pole of the moon, where there are abundant light resources. Our power will be mainly obtained by converting solar panels into light energy. We have provided backup batteries for all equipment in the camp in case something unexpected happens. We will also explore how to exploit helium-3. The moon has enough helium-3. If it can be successfully exploited, it will provide very sufficient, clean, safe and efficient fuel for nuclear fusion power generation. At the same time, the hydrogen obtained by electrolyzing water can be used as rocket fuel to other stations.

Oxygen is an important part of human living environment. We will obtain oxygen through many ways. Initially, we will use liquefied air brought from the earth. We will also electrolyze the water mined on the moon to obtain oxygen and hydrogen. Then we will use hydrogen to extract oxygen from the weathered layer through high-temperature oxidation. At the same time, plant growth will continue photosynthesis, which will provide another source of oxygen.The transport rocket from the earth will provide a large amount of nitrogen and other air components, which will be mixed with oxygen, in order to make the oxygen content provided to astronauts close to the oxygen content in the earth’s air.

2.5 Explain what would be the main purpose of your Moon Camp.

Our camp will be mainly used for scientific research, commerce and tourism

  1. Scientific research: study space physics, lunar science, solar physics, astrophysics and exploration of lunar energy, set up telescopes for astronomical observation, and serve as an outpost for Mars exploration.
  2. Business: we will create an excellent landing environment and provide landing conditions, fuel and other resources for other countries to land on the moon. After the equipment and technology are relatively mature and perfect, we will provide materials for the investigation teams on other planets (which is more convenient and energy-saving than launching rockets from the earth), so as to make profits and support our subsequent development.
  3. Tourism: after the construction of the camp is completed, a short-term trip to the moon can be provided. Passengers can visit the lunar camp accompanied by astronauts.
3.1 Describe a day on the Moon for your Moon Camp astronaut crew.

Total number of astronauts: 6

Although the moon will no longer have the same 24-hour cycle on earth, it will be mostly daytime. But we still have to follow the work and rest on earth to ensure that astronauts have plenty of energy, and their sleep will be maintained at about 8 hours. At 7 a.m. earth time, the astronauts all get up. First of all, they will carry out personal cleaning work, such as brushing their teeth, bathing and so on. After that, we have breakfast in the living area. The astronauts will continue their routine inspection and maintenance of the laboratory equipment. At 12 noon, we will go to the underground life center for lunch. After that, we will have one and a half hours of free time to talk with our family, communicate together, or rest in the personal rest room. After that, they will continue to work. At 16:30, they will go to the earth simulation room, put on gravity exoskeleton and exercise for two hours. This step is very important because for a long time on the moon, the lunar environment will damage the bone and muscle health of astronauts. After the exercise, we will go to have dinner and continue to work until 22 o’clock. When we go to bed, we will use the duty system. Every two people will be on duty in the first and second midnight respectively to ensure that at least one astronaut in the camp is awake at all times to deal with possible emergencies. At the end of the workday, astronauts will have a large amount of free time. They can spend this wonderful time in the earth simulation room. At the same time, we will conduct psychological evaluation on each astronaut regularly to ensure that everyone is psychologically and physically healthy.

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